Throughout the year, autumn and winter are the most prone to a variety of skin problems, dry, rough, allergic, peeling...... severe visible scales, pimples, rash, accompanied by itching, tingling and other discomfort.
The skin is the largest organ of the human body, from the outside to the inside is divided into three parts of the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue, and the epidermis is divided into stratum corneum,transparent layer,granular layer,spiny layer and basal layer.Under normal circumstances, the water content of the cuticle should be about 10%, if below this level, the skin will appear dry, rough,tight, desquamatory.Age, climate change, lack of sleep,excessive fatigue,washing with overheated water, strong alkaline washing products are all important causes of dry skin.For example, in autumn and winter, the secretion of sebaceous glands and sweat glands of our skin decreases, coupled with slowing metabolism,cuticle moisture decreases, the skin will appear dry, rough, improper care and even light erythema, scales, itching and other manifestations.
So, autumn and winter, how to care for the skin,improve the skin's resistance?
6 tips for Autumn and Winter Skin care
1. Cleanse the skin.
Autumn and winter climate is dry, the skin is prone to lack of water,but sand is also large, dust is also more, easy to attach to pores, cleaning can choose to have a cleaning power but at the same time gentle does not irritate the skin amino acid cleanser, it is best not to use foam-type cleanser.Do not wash your face with hot water,use warm or cold water.Similarly, the bath water temperature is controlled at about 37℃, the bath time is about 15 minutes, choose a moisturizing bath liquid, do not use soap, be sure to apply body lotion after bathing, such as vaseline, vitamin E milk and so on.
2. Moisturizing of the skin.
In autumn and winter, the temperature decreases,the air humidity decreases, the skin can easily become dry,and dryness will slow down the metabolic rate of cells, the skin barrier function is affected, and then induce many other skin problems,such as sensitive muscles, dermatitis and so on.So be sure to do a good job of moisturizing the skin.Choose moisturizing and emollient skin care products, such as cod liver oil, urea cream, vitamin E cream,vaseline and so on.Sensitive skin can also choose high safety medical skin care products such as medical cold dressing, medical moisturizing milk and so on.
3. Pay attention to sun protection.
Although the temperature of autumn and winter is reduced, but the ultraviolet light will not be significantly weakened,in other words, the damage caused by the sun to the skin is still there, so sunscreen is still important.Autumn and winter, less sweating,low air humidity, so you can choose SPF15~30, PA+++sunscreen.If the skin is severely sensitive, you can choose physical sunscreen, such as playing umbrellas,wearing masks and so on.
4. Diet conditioning.
Nourishing yin and clearing heat, nourishing yin and moistening dryness are the dietary principles of autumn and winter skin care.The climate is dry in autumn and winter,and dry air is the most likely to hurt the lungs.Chinese medicine believes that the "lungs are the main fur", and the spleen and stomach are the acquired foundation,the spleen is the main muscle, the source of qi and blood biochemistry.According to the characteristics of autumn and winter, all supplements with Gan Run lung, Jin Run dry, spleen and blood effect, can be skin care and beauty, such as pears, lilies,jujube, yam, sesame seeds,wolfberry,pine nuts, carrots,wheat winter, silver fungus, ganoderma lucidum, pig skin, honey, etc., can be selected.You should also eat more vitamin C-rich fruits, can whiten freckles, such as oranges,kiwifruit, strawberries and so on.Autumn and winter should pay attention to eat less fried food, try not to eat onions, ginger, garlic, pepper, etc.; do not drink strong wine and so on.In addition, drink more water, drink more yin moist dry soup, but also help, such as yellow essence cooked lean meat soup, lily sydney soup and so on.
5. Pay attention to the rest.
Ensure adequate sleep, relax, help the skin metabolism, so that we have good skin.
6. Drink water.
Drink plenty of water every day,only when the body is full of water, the lack of water on the face will improve.If you think it is too difficult to drink only water, you can choose some fruits and vegetables with more water, such as broccoli, carrots,kiwi, tomatoes,potatoes,lotus root, pears, and so on.Tip: It is worth noting that people with cold stomachs should eat less in winter.